Your blood pressure rises with each heartbeat and falls when your heart relaxes between beats.
Your blood pressure can vary dependant on:
Normal blood pressure is typically less than 120 systolic (pumping) / 80 diastolic (resting) mm Hg for an adult age 20 or over. It is during the diastolic phase that the heart infuses the blood with oxygen.
High blood pressure, also known as Hypertension, is a condition measured when the ‘pumping’ force of the blood against the artery walls is high.
This is reflected by the range of the two numbers typically between 140/90 (high) – 180/120 (very high).
32% of Australians over the age of 18 have a systolic reading of 140 mm Hg or higher.
High blood pressure makes it harder for your heart to pump blood through your body. Where high blood pressure goes untreated it can cause damage to your body’s blood vessels. This can start with your fine arteries but then lead to damage to all arteries and veins. The damaged blood vessels can become malformed, harden and leak.
Loss of vascular efficiency and the formation of blood clots can give rise to:
There are many causes of blood pressure problems some are:
High blood pressure typically has no symptoms.
Occasionally, people with chronic high blood pressure might have symptoms such as:
When you visit our doctors they routinely measure your blood pressure with a sphygmomanometer.
Regular monitoring your blood pressure, especially if you have above “normal” range or family history, is recommended for hypertension.
Home or self-tests will also help educate you on how it may change through the day.
There are several treatment pathways to either reduce or manage high blood pressure. Our doctors are able to advise you on what they recommend suits you best.